Clive Ruggles


… is the study of beliefs and practices relating to the sky in the past, especially in prehistory, and the uses to which people's know- ledge of the skies was put.


Professional bodies

Free software tools

Basic declination calculator


by Andrew Smith

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Springer Handbook (2014):


Ocarina Books publishes and distributes books relating to archaeo- and ethnoastronomy



This list of my books and selected papers and articles contains links and downloadable copies where available.

Article Index


(With Nicholas Saunders) The study of cultural astronomy. In Clive Ruggles and Nicholas Saunders (eds.), Astronomies and Cultures, University Press of Colorado, 1993, 1–31.



(With Roger Martlew) The North Mull project [in four parts; part 2 also with Peter Hinge]. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 14 (1989), S137–149; no. 16 (1991), S51–75; no. 17 (1992), S1–13 and no. 18 (1993), S55–64.



A statistical examination of the radial line azimuths at Nazca. In A.F. Aveni (ed.), The Lines of Nazca, American Philosophical Society, Philadephia, 1989, 245–269.



Recent developments in megalithic astronomy. In Anthony F. Aveni (ed.), World Archaeoastronomy, Cambridge University Press, 1989, 13-26.


The stone alignments of Argyll and Mull: a perspective on the statistical approach in archaeoastronomy. In Clive Ruggles (ed.), Records in Stone: Papers in Memory of Alexander Thom, Cambridge University Press, 1988, 232–50.


The Borana calendar—some observations. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 11 (1987), S35–53.



The linear settings of Argyll and Mull. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 9 (1985), S105–132.



Megalithic astronomy: the last five years. Vistas in Astronomy 27 (1984), 231-289.



(With Nicholas Saunders) The interpretation of the pecked cross symbols at Teotihuacan: a methodological note. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 7 (1984), S101–107.



A new study of the Aberdeenshire recumbent stone circles [in two parts; part 2 with Aubrey Burl]. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 6 (1984), S55–79 and no. 8 (1985), S25–60.



A reassessment of the high precision megalithic lunar sightlines [in two parts]. Archaeoastronomy (JHA) no. 4 (1982), S21–40 and no. 5 (1983), S1–36.



A critical examination of the megalithic lunar observatories. In Clive Ruggles and Alasdair Whittle (eds.), Astronomy and Society in Britain During the Period 4000-1500 BC, BAR British Series 88, Oxford, 1981, 153–209.


(With Gordon Moir and Ray Norris). Megalithic science and some Scottish site plans. Antiquity 54 (1980), 40–43.


(With David Turton) Agreeing to disagree: the measurement of duration in a southwestern Ethiopian community. Current Anthropology 19 (1978), 585–600.



(With John Cooke, Roger Few and Guy Morgan). Indicated declinations at the Callanish megalithic sites. Journal for the History of Astronomy 8 (1977), 113–133.



(With Mark Bailey, John Cooke, Roger Few and Guy Morgan) Survey of three megalithic sites in Argyllshire. Nature 253 (1975), 431–433.


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Astronomical heritage

Portal to the Heritage of Astronomy

Read more on the UNESCO–IAU Portal to the Heritage of Astronomy and about astronomical heritage in general

Free downloads

ICOMOS–IAU Thematic Studies on Astronomical Heritage

No. 1 (2010): See here for more information or click here to download a copy directly (46 Mb)

No. 2 (2017): See here for more information or click here to download a copy (19 Mb)


Astronomical World Heritage


Download a copy of an article published in A&G (Aug 2019 issue)

Stonehenge and Ancient Astronomy


Download a copy of the Royal Astronomical Society’s factsheet

Alice Ruggles Trust

If you are looking for things related to Alice and/or information about stalking, please visit the Alice Ruggles Trust website

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